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Home » Eye Care Services » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight

Diabetes and Eyesight

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way we process food for energy and growth. With all forms of diabetes—type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes—the body has trouble converting sugar in the blood into energy, resulting in a host of potential health problems.

Diabetes increases the likelihood that common diabetes-related vision problems or diseases might occur:

  • Diabetics are prone to developing cataracts (a clouding of the eye’s lens) at an earlier age.
  • People with diabetes are almost 50% more likely to develop glaucoma, an eye disorder that damages the optic nerve often marked by an increase of internal eye pressure.
  • Macular edema (and macular degeneration) are more common in diabetics due to malfunctioning blood vessels in the middle region of the retina responsible for central, sharp vision.
  • Most notably, diabetes can result in diabetic retinopathy; an eye disease that affects the blood vessels in the all-important retina. Nearly 45 percent of Canadians diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy.

That’s why there’s no separating diabetes and vision. If you have diabetes, then you should understand vision problems that increase in likelihood as a result of the disease.

Diabetes Statistics

Over 21 million people in the United States have diabetes, with an estimated additional 6 million people unaware they have a form of the disease. What’s more, an estimated 54 million Canadians ages 40 to 74 have prediabetes, a condition that puts them at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. According to a recent Optometric Association survey, diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults ages 20 to 74.

As regulated health professionals, we are remaining open during the winter 2021 lockdown. We are continuing to follow health and safety guidelines as set out by the College of Optometrists of Ontario and the Government of Ontario.

Our hours of operation have changed as we are currently seeing patients by appointment only for ALL visits (including glasses adjustments, etc). Please contact our office to book an appointment as needed.

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In compliance with the Ministry of Health and the College of Optometrists of Ontario, we are re-opening our clinics to routine care effective immediately. Our office protocols have changed considerably. Please refer to our COVID-19 Building Entry Policy